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Trabuco: The Weapon that Decided Victories in the Middle Ages

People who learned the kingdoms of Middle Ages would know the importance of Trabuco in the military arm units of each country. For centuries, it was considered as one of the most destructive weapons that had a huge demand in China, Arab World, Europe, South America, and more. It is a siege weapon largely used for crushing the walls of forts during the Middle Ages. While it produces similar results to catapult, Trabuco was less complex, easy to make, simple enough to carry from one place to another, and more.

The weapon was invented by the Chinese about 400 BC, and that reached the other continents in the later years. It uses the mechanism of converting the potential energy into kinetic energy to launch the projectiles with higher velocity. The basic working mechanism of Trabuco is taken from Sling, and people advanced it to make larger projectiles launched with greater speed. In the initial days, only people were pulling down the short arm to project the objects from the Trabuco. In the later years, larger Trabucos were introduced which needed a maximum of 45 people to launch the projectiles.

In the earlier days, Wu Jing Yao de Zong of China and his army made large Trabucos, and some of them could carry 140-pound stones effortlessly for many meters. However, it was less convenient and efficient, and people used it only until the eleventh century. During those days, Arab merchants brought the weapon to the Middle East. They redesigned it and added extra weight to the short arm to make it more powerful. These hybrid Trabucos originated in the early thirteenth century could hurl 400-pound weighing stones.

When Europeans saw the hybrid Trabucos for the first time in the Crusades, they identified the potential benefits with the destructive arm. They improved the counterweighing mechanism of Trabucos to advance its accuracy and effective power. The European versions of Trabucos could significantly push the weight of the projectiles and the distance covered during hurling. Many of those could carry stones weighing more than a ton to significantly greater distances. Europeans also used it to through sand barrels, living prisoners, human heads, and more. After the entry of gunpowder, Trabuco lost its prominence. Check for more about Trabuco on



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